Takeaways from the roundtable with President Biden on artificial intelligence : NPR

Tristan Harris, co-founder of the Middle for Humane Technological know-how, talks about his current meeting with President Biden to focus on regulating artificial intelligence.



MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST:

We’re likely to get a readout now from the roundtable that President Biden convened this 7 days in San Francisco to examine what he termed the threats and enormous claims of artificial intelligence.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN: My administration is dedicated. It can be committed to safeguarding America’s legal rights and safety from safeguarding privacy to addressing bias and disinformation, to making absolutely sure AI techniques are secure in advance of they are released.

KELLY: Well, Tristan Harris is among the the tech leaders who fulfilled the president on Tuesday. He cofounded the Center for Humane Technological innovation, and prior to that he held a senior article at Google. For several years, he has worked to elevate awareness about the threats that AI poses, and he told me some of his takeaways from the assembly.

TRISTAN HARRIS: We experienced really a numerous set of stakeholders at the table – people today concentrating on all the things from AI fairness and discrimination issues, Joy Buolamwini from Algorithmic Justice League, the difficulties of AI and predictive policing or, you know, falsely figuring out men and women and confront recognition, the expense of that. You know, AI’s promises that it will assistance us produce cancer medications and options to electrical power issues and weather alter, but we will will need extra community fascination funding for that.

And we talked a good deal about truth of the matter, belief and democracy mainly because for all the issues that social media will cause and misinformation and disinformation, AI will supercharge that. As folks know, the case in point of a video that went viral of President Biden falsely providing a speech indicating that he was instituting the draft – and that went viral – suitable? – or the image of the Pentagon that had been bombed, which it had not been. And these kinds of things can shift the stock market place and genuinely affect our money program or, you know, what men and women believe in an now fragile entire world. So we talked a whole lot about truth, belief and democracy. That’s really the place I targeted with President Biden.

KELLY: Acquired it. And was your perception that the message was read?

HARRIS: Completely. I think that his crew is generating this a key precedence. This was just a person meeting, but there is lots of ongoing engagement. Senator Schumer, I think just yesterday, published a large speech on the things that they are organizing on undertaking in Congress in generating AI regulations. So this is shifting. We do need to have to shift pretty swiftly, and it truly is not just a national issue.

KELLY: Is there a valuable precedent to have in head for regulating know-how that is so new and changing so quick?

HARRIS: Yeah, I imply, AI is certainly new in how speedy the know-how evolves. There is a stage setting of the one of a kind issue and challenge that AI poses simply because it is electronic and moves all over the earth at the velocity of bits and the velocity of network connections. And so it is likely to be a obstacle. But, you know, we could have been one particular of these nuclear scientists who, following the very first atomic bomb was exploded, just say, well, I guess this is inescapable. I guess the entire world is likely to have nuclear bombs. And rather, a selection of folks worked pretty, incredibly, very tricky to make absolutely sure that we now are living in a globe with only 9 international locations with nuclear weapons. And we signed the Nuclear Take a look at Ban Treaty, and we had to arrive to global coordination among the two major powers. I feel we need to have to do that with AI.

KELLY: And so circle back to my central dilemma of what kind of sense you walked away from this roundtable from in terms of where the White Residence is on this. Were being any certain proposals floated in terms of regulation, or are they nevertheless, in your view, in the fact-finding phase of all this?

HARRIS: In the assembly, we failed to target on the distinct regulatory proposals. It was much more a discussion all around the various concerns that are at participate in. In other discussions that I’ve experienced with many individuals in the administration and Office environment of Science and Technologies Policy and in other places, there is a deep, ongoing dialogue about specific proposals. As an case in point, we can speak about ethics and responsibility all day prolonged, but that will get bulldozed by the incentives to deploy these technologies as rapid as attainable. And one of the answers to that is liability – that if companies are liable for the downstream harms that emerge from releasing a big AI design and what people can do with it, that can sluggish down the rate of industry progress. So that’s an illustration of a little something that could move forward.

KELLY: Just before I enable you go, I want to action again and just get your feeling of the stakes below. I observed a converse that you gave in March in which you said – and I’m quoting – “50% of AI scientists think there is a 10% or larger prospect that people go extinct from our inability to regulate AI.” Are you element of that 50%?

HARRIS: I want people today to know – I don’t want to alarm persons, but I do think that we have to have an genuine evaluation of the threat so that we can get the actions that are vital to lessen that threat. And I know a large amount of men and women who perform within the AI businesses who do not know even how we will safely steward what presently exists. There is quite a few dangerous capabilities that are previously out there. I do imagine the stakes of this are unbelievably superior, and that is why I imagine persons should be calling their customers of Congress to advocate for the will need to get this global regulation in location and these guardrails.

KELLY: Tristan Harris is co-founder and govt director of the Center for Humane Technological innovation. Thank you.

HARRIS: Thank you so significantly for acquiring me.

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